There are lots of different circumstances under which you might be asked to produce a Disclosure certificate. Disclosure is the name given to the process of having your criminal record checked before applying for a job or voluntary position in Scotland. In England, the very similar process is called a DBS check. There are many, many reasons why someone may apply for one of the different types of Disclosure certificate, but here are the most common.
There are different levels of police checking certificates which are available to employers throughout the UK, and the more detailed type of check in England and Wales is called an Enhanced DBS check. This sort of check is carried out on both employees and volunteers who work with vulnerable adults, people who work in schools or childcare establishments, foster carers, healthcare professionals, carers and social workers. There are two types of enhanced checks, one which gives simply the police records of the person concerned, and one which also searches the barred lists of people working in certain occupations who have been barred from working with children or vulnerable adults. The type of check carried out will depend on the exact position being applied for, and in the majority of cases, the employer will know what type of check is needed.